Project Overview

Agricultural intensification in China mainly related to rice, wheat and livestock production, has led to increased encroachment into natural areas, high greenhouse gas emission levels, environmental and severe land degradation. Unsustainable fertilizer and pesticide use, single crop planting instead of rotational crop planting and industrialized farmland construction have led to natural farmland habitat loss, reduced farmland biodiversity and weakened agricultural stability and resilience.  Agricultural systems are both contributing to and bearing the consequences of climate change, as the carbon sequestration capacity of production systems, and their ability to adapt to climate change is low. This project serves as a powerful catalyst for transforming food and land management systems and will provide a model for other regions in China. 

  • Sites:

    Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Guizhou provinces (wheat, corn, and rice); Hubei province (rice, livestock).  

  • Commodities:

     Wheat, rice, corn and livestock.

  • Area Covered:

     1,500,000 hectares 

  • Executing Partner:

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA), Hubei Province Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

  • GEF Implementing Agency:

    World Bank, FAO 


Project Features


The goal is to strengthen integrated land management and land restoration policies through innovative payments for agroecological services and incentive mechanisms for sustainable, safe, and smart agri-food systems. A framework for sustainable agricultural production practices and responsible, market-oriented agricultural value chains through public-private partnerships will be created, while conserving and restoring natural habitats in production landscapes. 

The diversification of production systems through sustainable traditional agricultural practices, ecological restoration in farmland boundaries and surrounding ecosystems, agroforestry in upland ecosystems and integrated restoration plans will also be a focus. Monitoring systems to assess and monitor land use planning impacts, biodiversity, and ecosystem conservation and restoration will also be developed.  

Private sector entities are investing in agricultural production and have expressed a strong interest in the shift towards sustainable food systems. A strong gender component aims to strengthen women's participation in planning and decision-making while enhancing their access to rural financial mechanisms and agricultural value chains.

Project Features

A landscape in China. Brazil. © Curt Carnemark/World Bank

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