The Food, Environment, Land and Development Action Tracker undertook a systematic analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted before October 2021 by G20 members and key forested countries from the Food and Land Use coalition (FOLU) in advance of COP26. Together, they represent over 60 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. The purpose of this analysis is to provide answers to the following questions: How action-oriented are the NDCs with regard to transforming the food and land sector? What specific policy measures do they propose, and which institutional mechanisms have been put in place to coordinate implementation? What are the main policy gaps and opportunities for countries to prioritize now, globally and at home? This work complements other studies of the quantitative targets included in NDCs.